Basic Education Curriculum Framework

The Kenya Institute of Curriculum Development has developed a new curriculum to replace the 8-4-4 system that has been in existence since 1985. The 8-4-4- system has been widely criticized for being heavily loaded in terms of content and too exam oriented, putting undue pressure on students. The new system is known as the 2-6-6-3 system and the pilot, which will involve 470 primary and pre-primary schools countrywide, is being implemented and will run until August, giving stakeholders’ ample time to assess its effectiveness. The system places more emphasis on learners’ mental ability to process issues and proposes a practical framework that nurtures competencies of learners based on their passions and talents. It places emphasis on Continuous Assessment Tests (CATs) over one-off examinations.